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Its grammar is similar to that of many contemporary European languages. Persian was established as a court tradition in many eastern courts. English in the mid-16th century. Iranian and by foreign authors. Persian Service” for their broadcasts in the language. The Centre for Promotion of Persian Language and Literature, and many of the leading scholars of the Persian language.

Middle era being the next period most officially Sassanid era and sometime in post-Sassanid era, and the New era being the period afterwards down to present day. New Persian is a direct descendant of Middle and Old Persian. Old Persian is one of the oldest Indo-European languages which is attested in original texts. Greek general serving in some of the Persian expeditions, describes many aspects of Armenian village life and hospitality in around 401 BC, which is at a time when Old Persian was the only form of Persian used. Old Persian yielded to the structure of Middle Persian in which the dual number disappeared, leaving only singular and plural, as did gender. Although the “middle period” of the Iranian languages formally begins with the fall of the Achaemenid Empire, the transition from Old to Middle Persian had probably already begun before the 4th century.

Moreover, as a literary language, Middle Persian is not attested until much later, to the 6th or 7th century. Middle Persian as well as various other Middle Iranian languages. Arab commentaries written after that date. Middle Persian dialects is the direct predecessor of Modern Persian.

Ludwig Paul states: “The language of the Shahnameh should be seen as one instance of continuous historical development from Middle to New Persian. Early New Persian remains largely intelligible to speakers of Contemporary Persian, as the morphology and, to a lesser extent, the lexicon of the language have remained relatively stable. With the decline of the Abbasids began the reestablishment of Persian national life and Persians laid the foundations for a renaissance in the realm of letters. The first poems of the Persian language, a language historically called Dari, emerged in Afghanistan. He flourished in the 10th century, when the Samanids were at the height of their power.

His reputation as a court poet and as an accomplished musician and singer has survived, although little of his poetry has been preserved. The language spread geographically from the 11th century on and was the medium through which among others, Central Asian Turks became familiar with Islam and urban culture. Urdu, which are regarded as “structural daughter languages” of Persian. Turko-Mongol dynasties during the 12th to 15th centuries, and under restored Persian rule during the 16th to 19th centuries. Centuries later however, the practise and usage of Persian in the region would be strongly revived. Persian language, art and letters to Anatolia. The Ottomans, which can roughly be seen as their eventual successors, took this tradition over.