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King Alcohol and his Prime Minister. Women are generally more sensitive than men to the harmful physical and mental effects of alcohol. Environmental factors and genetics are two components that are associated with alcoholism, with about half the risk attributed to each. A person with a parent or sibling with alcoholism is three to four times more likely to become an alcoholic themselves. Environmental factors include social, cultural, and behavioral influences.

People may continue to drink partly to prevent or improve symptoms of withdrawal. After a person stops drinking alcohol, they may experience a low level of withdrawal lasting for months. Medically, alcoholism is considered both a physical and mental illness. Questionnaires and certain blood tests may both detect people with possible alcoholism.

Further information is then collected to confirm the diagnosis. Treatment may take several steps. This can be either given while admitted to a health care institution or occasionally while a person remains in the community with close supervision. 12 to 17 years of age are affected. It is more common among males and young adults, becoming less common in middle and old age. It is the least common in Africa at 1. Alcoholism directly resulted in 139,000 deaths in 2013, up from 112,000 deaths in 1990.

224 billion USD in 2006. In 1979, the World Health Organization discouraged the use of “alcoholism” due to its inexact meaning, preferring “alcohol dependence syndrome”. File:What Alcohol Does to Your Body. Young adults are particularly at risk of engaging in binge drinking.