Further documentation is available here. Latin America following brazil mixture or massacre pdf of inequality.

As these regimes started to decline due to international pressure, internal outcry in the US from the population due to the US involvement in the atrocities forced Washington to relinquish its support for them. The neo-liberal experiment collapsed in several countries by the end of the decade, leaving the different economies with features such as high level of unemployment, corruption, inflation and increasing inequality. These initial unsuccessful attempts with neo-liberalism combined with the end of the Cold War allowed the left in Latin America to reevaluate their movements and participate further in electoral processes. Venezuela, who was elected into the presidency in 1998. National policies among the left are divided between the styles of Chávez and Lula da Silva, as Lula focused on the poor people but also in private enterprises and global capital. 2015 was “The Year the ‘Pink Tide’ Turned”.

Latin America’s leftist ramparts appear to be crumbling because of widespread corruption, a slowdown in China’s economy and poor economic choices”, with the newspaper elaborating that leftist leaders did not diversify economies, had unsustainable welfare policies and disregarded democratic behaviors. Investigations later revealed that Brazilian president Lula da Silva pressured Odebrecht to pay millions of dollars toward the presidential campaign of the leftist Peruvian president, Ollanta Humala. Morales with Brazilian President Lula. To that date, no non-White had ever been Bolivia’s president. The decrease in this indicators during the same period of time happened faster than in non-Pink Tide governments. Economic hardships occurred in countries such as Venezuela as oil and commodity prices declined.

Cuba reapproaching the United States when Cuba’s main international partner, Venezuela, began experiencing economic hardships. Following the initiation of the pink tide’s policies, the relationship between both left-leaning and right-leaning governments and the public changed. Up until the 1990s, only two classes – the “political elite” and the people – existed in Latin America. As leftist governments took power in the region, rising commodity prices funded their welfare policies, which lowered inequality and assisted indigenous rights. The overspending of leftist governments in the 2000s resulted in the election of more liberal governments in the 2010s by citizens in the region seeking a sustainable economy, which required potential progressive politicians to reevaluate their policies. The term “pink tide” had become prominent in contemporary discussion of Latin American politics in the early 21st century. While this political shift was difficult to quantify, its effects were widely noticed.