This paper studies the relationship between income distribution and international integration in a f distribution table 0.05 pdf trade setting with one change. To allow a more realistic role for consumer level information, a firm’s strategy space is expanded to include non-linear prices. Now profit maximizing firms use information on income distribution to design a product for each income class and set prices to induce each group to optimally select the appropriate option.

When countries with differing income distributions integrate this has implications for the size of these distortions, influencing the gains from trade both within and across countries. The structure of trade and expenditure patterns that emerge also match a range of empirical findings. These results are driven by firm strategy based on income difference alone as preferences are assumed to be identical and homothetic across countries, placing the distribution of income at the center of the analysis. I would like to thank Andres Rodriguez-Clare, along with two anonymous referees for their valuable comments and suggestions.

The paper also benefited from numerous seminars and presentations. Financial support from Peter B. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Every country has differing rules regarding distribution of electricity for portable appliances and lighting. Voltage, frequency, and plug type vary widely, but large regions may use common standards. Physical compatibility of receptacles may not ensure compatibility of voltage, frequency, or connection to earth ground. This article lists the plug type, voltage and frequency commonly expected for many territories.

In some areas, older standards may still exist. Foreign enclaves or buildings frequented by tourists may support plugs not otherwise used in a country, for the convenience of travellers. In this article, the term ‘plug’ is used in the sense defined by IEC 60050. The international standard IEC 60884-1 defines the general requirements for plugs and sockets intended for household and similar purposes, IEC 60884-1 does not define specific plug and socket types, which are the subject of national standards in each country. 130 V or 250 V. IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in the latter.

Type B, which is specifically rated at 15 A. 8 mm round contacts on 19 mm centres. Type D is specifically rated at 5 A. 16 A and defined as having 4.