By many accounts psychology foundations of psychological testing pdf aims to benefit society. 15th century or early 16th century. Anatomy, which treats the Body, and Psychology, which treats of the Soul. This definition enjoyed widespread currency for decades.

1913 manifesto defined the discipline of psychology as the acquisition of information useful to the control of behavior. Also since James defined it, the term more strongly connotes techniques of scientific experimentation. This body of knowledge involves insights drawn from introspection and observation, as well as techniques for focused thinking and acting. It frames the universe as a division of, and interaction between, physical reality and mental reality, with an emphasis on purifying the mind in order to increase virtue and power.

New Age group which became popular among Euro-American intellectuals. However, this discipline did not yet embrace experimentation. Kant’s stricture against quantitative study of the mind. Wundt focused on breaking down mental processes into the most basic components, motivated in part by an analogy to recent advances in chemistry, and its successful investigation of the elements and structure of material. Psychologists in Germany, Denmark, Austria, England, and the United States soon followed Wundt in setting up laboratories.