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Why Are North and South Korea Divided? Sign up now to get email updates on new episodes, sweeps alerts, and more from your favorite HISTORY shows. You can opt out at any time. Create a Profile to Add this show to your list! The term has also been used as a label for new parties whose classifications are unclear. In recent years, academic scholars have produced definitions that facilitate populist identification and comparison.

In the United States and Latin America, populism has generally been associated with the left, whereas in European countries, populism is more associated with the right. Some scholars argue that populist organizing for empowerment represents the return of older “Aristotelian” politics of horizontal interactions among equals who are different, for the sake of public problem solving. Populist democracy, including calls for more political participation through reforms such as the use of popular referenda. Politicians’ populism marked by non-ideological appeals for “the people” to build a unified coalition. Latin America was “prone to populism and authoritarianism”. Such actions, Weyland argues, proves that “Populism, understood as a strategy for winning and exerting state power, inherently stands in tension with democracy and the value that it places upon pluralism, open debate, and fair competition”. Populism is a path that, at its outset, can look and feel democratic.