Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The sacred human may thus be understood as someone outside the law, or beyond it. With respect to certain monarchs, in certain western legal traditions, the concepts of the sovereign and of the Homo Sacer homo sacer sovereign power and bare life pdf been conflated. An oathbreaker was consequently considered the property of the gods whom he had invoked and then deceived.

If the oathbreaker was killed, this was understood as the revenge of the gods into whose power he had given himself. Since the oathbreaker was already the property of the oath deity, he could no longer belong to human society, or be consecrated to another deity. Roman Republic written in the 5th century BC. 1679 which declares that any criminal must be judged by a tribunal before being punished. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1998. 1974, “Germanic Warg: The Outlaw as Werwolf”, in G.