Observed high manufacturing costs and large differences in machine productivity and cost. Results indicate that economies of scale are a reality in AM. Current machine performance may be due to the technology’s origin importance of productivity in business pdf prototyping.

The layer-by-layer operating process of these systems does not require the use of tools, moulds or dies. The research demonstrates differing levels of system productivity, suggesting that the observed deposition rates are not sufficient for the adoption of EBM and DMLS in high volume manufacturing applications. Despite the absence of amortisable tooling costs, the analysis also reveals that economies of scale are achievable in AM. The results reached are further discussed in the light of the varying strategic requirements posed by the market-pull and technology-push modes of innovation which are both found in the AM industry. Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution. Martin is a Research Fellow at the Faculty of Engineering at the University of Nottingham with an interest are the financial cost and energy consumption of the various additive processes as well as the benefits that can be derived from adopting the technology.

From 2010 on, Martin’s work has concentrated on the development of novel approaches to production costing for Additive Manufacturing. In 2012, Martin has completed a PhD on the economics of Additive Manufacturing, written several academic and non-academic papers on the topic and contributed to Additive Manufacturing projects in aerospace, automotive, industrial machinery and the medical and retail sectors. Phill is a Professor of Manufacturing Technology at the University of Nottingham. Phill founded the Rapid Manufacturing Research Group in the early 1990’s leading various research projects, supervising many successful PhD students. Phill has led international government missions, published widely, given a number of international keynote speeches and acts as a consultant to this industry.

His research work has evolved through Rapid Prototyping and Rapid Tooling and is now concentrating on Additive Manufacturing processes. Chris is an Associate Professor in the University of Nottingham’s Faculty of Engineering. At the EPSRC Centre of Innovative Manufacturing in Additive Manufacturing Chris currently runs a number of projects based around the manufacture of multi-material and multifunctional inkjet printing, nano-scale Additive Manufacturing systems, and the development of metallic AM systems for use in industry. Research Group at Loughborough University in 2003 as a Research Associate principally working on the supply and business effects of Additive Manufacturing on a number of DTI, EU FP6 and EPSRC funded projects.

Chris is also an Executive Member of the ASTM F42 AM standards committee and a participant in the BSi initiative of AM standards development. Chris is a regular presenter at numerous international conferences, a panel member for EPSRC and a reviewer for international funding agencies. Director of the EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacturing in Additive Manufacturing. He has been working in the AM field for 20 years and has a background of leading and managing large multi-disciplinary, multi-partner research projects. 3D Printing and active within the ASTM F42 AM Standards initiative. We estimate the efficiency of bank lending to SME in India.