This article is about the U. Fiat-Chrysler’s best selling brand in the U. Jeep wrangler parts catalog pdf to 1940 the term “jeep” had been used as U.

The term became common worldwide in the wake of the war. With its solid axles and open top, the Wrangler has been called the Jeep model that is as central to the brand’s identity as the rear-engined 911 is to Porsche. Many Jeep variants serving similar military and civilian roles have since been designed in other nations. Jeep that are suitable for use on rough terrain. Dashboard of World War II era jeep. When it became clear that the United States would be involved in the war in Europe, the U. Army contacted 135 companies to create working prototypes of a four-wheel-drive reconnaissance car.

The Army set a seemingly impossible deadline of 49 days to supply a working prototype. Willys asked for more time, but was refused. After turning down Bantam’s initial request, Probst responded to an Army request and began work on July 17, 1940, initially without salary. Probst laid out full plans for the Bantam prototype, known as the BRC or Bantam Reconnaissance Car, in just two days, working up a cost estimate the next day. Bantam’s bid was submitted, complete with blueprints, on July 22.

Army testing on September 23. World War II had already begun in Asia, with Japan expanding in China, Manchuria and Southeast Asia. Willys “Quad” prototypes looked very similar to the Bantam BRC prototype, and Spicer supplied very similar four-wheel drivetrain components to all three manufacturers. The familiar pressed-metal Jeep grille was a Ford design feature and incorporated in the final design by the Army. Because the US War Department required a large number of vehicles in a short time, Willys-Overland granted the US Government a non-exclusive license to allow another company to manufacture vehicles using Willys’ specifications. The Army chose Ford as a second supplier, building Jeeps to the Willys’ design. Willys supplied Ford with a complete set of plans and specifications.

American Bantam, the creators of the first Jeep, built approximately 2,700 of them to the BRC-40 design, but spent the rest of the war building heavy-duty trailers for the Army. There were subtle differences between the two. Willys also followed the Ford pattern by stamping its name into some body parts, but stopped this in 1942. Jeeps were used by every service of the U. An average of 145 were supplied to every Army infantry regiment.