This article is about the medieval Torah commentator. Acclaimed for his ability to present the basic meaning of the text in a concise and lucid fashion, Rashi appeals to both learned scholars and beginner students, and his works remain a rashi commentary on the torah pdf of contemporary Jewish study. The latter commentary alone serves as the basis for more than 300 “supercommentaries” which analyze Rashi’s choice of language and citations, penned by some of the greatest names in rabbinic literature.
Rashi’s surname, Yitzhaki, derives from his father’s name, Yitzhak. Shlomo Yitzhaki”, and myriad similar highly respectful derivatives. Christian scholars referred to Rashi as Jarchi, and that this epithet was unknown to the Jews. Hebrew scholars also referred to Rashi as Yarhi.
The evolution of this term has been thoroughly traced. In his voluminous writings, Rashi himself made no such claim at all. The main early rabbinical source about his ancestry, Responsum No. His fame later made him the subject of many legends.
One tradition contends that his parents were childless for many years. Jews who wished to buy it to adorn their idol. Yitzhak agreed to travel with them to their land, but en route, he cast the gem into the sea. As she walked down one of the narrow streets in the Jewish quarter, she was imperiled by two oncoming carriages. She turned and pressed herself against a wall, which opened to receive her. His father was his main Torah teacher until his death when Rashi was still a youth.
Talmudists of the previous generation. From his teachers, Rashi imbibed the oral traditions pertaining to the Talmud as they had been passed down for centuries, as well as an understanding of the Talmud’s unique logic and form of argument. Rashi took concise, copious notes from what he learned in yeshiva, incorporating this material in his commentaries. Rashi assumed the court’s leadership and answered hundreds of halakhic queries. In around 1070 he founded a yeshiva which attracted many disciples.