Sometimes the origins of raymond williams culture and society pdf word cast light on its meaning, but often one finds that it originally meant something quite different. Or that there has been a fierce political struggle over the ‘correct’ meaning.

Williams begins by tracing the origin and development of the word. For him, it is one of the most complicated words in the English language not just due to its intricate historical development but mainly due to its relevance and indisputable impact in other systems of thought. The primary meaning was then in husbandry, the tending of natural growth. This, along with the meaning in husbandry, was the main sense until 1C18 and eC19. Williams points out that this sense developed crucially towards a “degree of habituation” being added to the metaphor as well as “an extension of particular processes to a general process, which the word could abstractly carry”.

It is from here that the independent noun ‘culture’ began its complicated modern history with its complicated latencies of meaning. Bishop of Killala to Mrs. English appearing as an independent noun, an abstract process or the product of such a process. English towards some of its modern senses before the decisive effects of a new social and intellectual movement”.

Williams then looks at the developments in other languages, especially in German, to follow the development of ‘culture’ in English. Enlightenment as a description of the secular process of human development. C18 European Culture” and thereby attacking that very dominant claim to a superior culture. And from here, the new concept of ‘folk-culture’ emerged, emphasizing national and traditional cultures. These various treatments of ‘culture’ contribute to its modern usage and complexity. There is then the literal continuity of physical process as used in say ‘sugar-beet culture’ or ‘germ culture’. The independent and abstract noun which describes a general process of intellectual, spiritual and aesthetic development, from C18.