Compared to hanging, the ligature mark will most likely be located lower on the neck of the victim. Anti-ligature devices and equipment are primarily used where people are considered to be ‘at risk’ such as hospitals, prisons and nursing homes, but can also be found in some spitz and fisher’s medicolegal investigation of death pdf free download and schools.

They are designed to withstand high levels of abuse and as a result are constructed from solid stainless steel and have minimal moving parts. They typically feature sloped or curved corners to which nothing can be attached and are proportioned at specific critical angles and distances with no protruding parts to prevent ligature points. Examples of anti-ligature devices can include electronically controlled tap-less wash basins and seat-less WC pans with concealed WC cisterns and anti-ligature shower controls and shower heads. URL last accessed March 3, 2006.

URL last accessed February 26, 2006. How Safe is Choking in Judo? URL last accessed February 28, 2006. Knowledge Solutions Library, Electronic Publication. URL last accessed March 1, 2006. University of Dundee, Forensic Medicine. Dogs of God: Columbus, the Inquisition, and the Defeat of the Moors.

Michigan, 1 Oct 2012, Toms, S. Retrieved on 18 October 2012. 29 June 2010, Retrieved 18 October 2012. East Sussex, 16 May 2005, Bem, J.

Basic reference on judo choking techniques. This page was last edited on 27 December 2017, at 15:40. On July 22, 1995, she was convicted of the drowning deaths of her two sons, three-year-old Michael Daniel Smith and 14-month-old Alexander Tyler Smith. The case gained international attention shortly after it developed because of Smith’s false claim that an African American man had carjacked her maroon Mazda ProtegĂ© and kidnapped her sons.